The introduction of a group should be structured by the leader. They should provide a safe and welcoming environment for all team members to share their skills, background knowledge and goals. When each of the five stages is carried through, your group will feel more in sync and be a high-functioning unit.

The adjourning phase is especially difficult for those people who are habitual of working in teams. Overall, the phase consists of mixed emotions from the members because of the team ending. For instance, they should evaluate their team process, progress and see if any of their deliverables are pending. Tuckman’s stages of group development and how this model can help your team develop and become effective.

Performing — High-performance is the name of the game.

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Best applied to situations where there is little time for group decision-making or where the leader is the most knowledgeable member of the group. Announcing AgendaAI, an AI assistant that automates agendas Announcing AgendaAI. The first AI assistant that converts your Slack firehose into organized meeting agendas. How Charma creates value for people across the organization. Engagement Get to know your people with Pulse Surveys, eNPS scoring, anonymous feedback and messaging.

#5 Adjourning Stage

Now that we know where the stages come from, let’s break down the ins and outs of each stage and what you can expect from your team in each. PodcastSupermanagers is for managers, like you, who want to be extraordinary at the fine craft of management. Jira IntegrationTurn action items generated in Fellow into Jira issues so their completion status stays in sync between both tools. Google MeetUse Fellow’s Google Meet extension to collaborate on meeting notes and record action items, right within your video calls.

  • Furthermore, at this stage, the team members don’t know whether they will be able to work well together and if they will fit in.
  • So understanding how to navigate the storming stage is a must, whether you’re managing a new or established team.
  • Every member of the team knows their role in the project and is able to complete their tasks efficiently.
  • Team leaders need to facilitate introductions and highlight each member’s background and skills.
  • Thankfully, you can deploy some strategies to ensure your team navigates the stages without issues.
  • It’s the yellow-brick-road that, when followed, will lead you to the gleaming project closure right on time.

Teamwork and creativity is at an all time high, and team members step up to take ownership over multiple parts of the project. Leaders provide little direction, meanwhile team members share new information and solutions constantly. In this stage, everyone is working towards the team’s goals, and group cohesion is at an all time high. When the team has settled into the performing stage, you can focus on other goals and new areas to benefit the business. Free up more time for yourself – and boost team engagement – by delegating tasks and projects. Tuckman’s model isn’t a one-way street – teams may go back and forth between stages.

At the Adjourning Stage:

Write two to three paragraphs answering these questions from your perspective as a group member in the stage of storming. Such conflicts can hinder progress and even grind everything to a halt. Thankfully, you can deploy some strategies stages of team development team building to ensure your team navigates the stages without issues. For instance, outlining the team’s purpose and mission at the forming stage and retaliating during subsequent stages ensures no one loses sight of the common goal.

what is the storming stage of team development

The team will likely be excited to work together and will have a lot of energy. However, they may also be uncertain about their role in the team and what is expected of them. As the name suggests, team development entails training and supporting a group of individuals so that they work as a cohesive unit to realize the intended outcome. An excellent example of team development is when colleagues from different departments partner to work on a project. How did you know what behaviors were acceptable or what level of performance was required?

The Forming–Storming–Norming–Performing model of group development was first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965.

They simplify the sequence and group the forming-storming-norming stages together as the «transforming» phase, which they equate with the initial performance level. This is then followed by a «performing» phase that leads to a new performance level which they call the «reforming» phase. Timothy Biggs suggested that an additional stage be added of «norming» after «forming» and renaming the traditional norming stage «re-norming». In this stage, all team members take responsibility and have the ambition to work for the success of the team’s goals.

At this stage, the team’s routine and norms become stable and change infrequently. The team may start thinking strategically about their work and balance work on initiatives and process improvements. Furthermore, team members may encounter unexpected difficulties, feel lost and overwhelmed, and disillusioned and disappointed with their new team.

what is the storming stage of team development

As a team leader, it is important that you are aware of your team development stages and processes. Understanding Tuckman’s model can help you appreciate where your team is today and what you can do to get to the next stage – high performance. Team progress according to Bruce Tuckman passes through the stages shown in the diagram below.


You may want to split people up that do not work well together and restructure the project for maximum efficiency. And, if any other roadblocks are met, the team is able to work together to come up with the necessary solutions to get back on track. ResourcesBlogLeadership, productivity, and meeting insights to fast-track your way to being a great leader. Team MeetingsCollaborate on meeting agendas, take notes in real-time, and end every team meeting with an action plan. Chiefs of StaffTrack key takeaways from executive meetings, enhance alignment across scaling teams, and amplify the CEO’s communication to help the company flourish. SolutionsMeeting agenda softwareCollaborate on meeting agendas, assign action items, and ask for meeting feedback.

Stage 5: The Adjourning Stage

At the end of the day, you’re all working towards a common goal, to get there, you need a foundation built on listening to what the others on the team have to say. The first stage is forming, which is when the members within the team first come together to meet. It can be considered the period of orientation when everyone is getting to know one another and becoming acquainted.

The Five Stages Of Team Development: How To Get Your Team From Point A To Point B

If you are the leader, remind members that disagreements are normal. (Although, it does make the stages easier to remember.) Each is aptly named and plays a vital part in building a high-functioning team. During the Norming stage, the team gradually optimises how it works. If the team doesn’t have some form of the continuous improvement process, such improvements happen organically, but if it does — they progress faster. Consensus develops around individual member and leader roles. Identify any issues between team members as early as possible to help alleviate the tension.

(Sadly, not a perfect rhyme.) Once a project ends, the team disbands. This phase is sometimes known as mourning because members have grown close and feel a loss now that the experience is over. At the Storming Stage, managers should ensure the team members agree on the team norms and keep following them. They need to help them find a way to work together and support struggling team members.

How to facilitate group development

Be sure you’re familiar with the forming stage before learning about this second stage in Tuckman’s group development model. Feedback is critical to improving your team’s performance while navigating through the five stages. In this regard, consider ending each meeting with constructive and insightful feedback to enhance the group process.

Throughout your career thus far, it is likely that you have encountered at least one instance where you were part of a team. Whether it was for a class project, extracurricular activity, or job-related task, being part of a team is an important life skill. Rickards and Moger proposed a similar extension to the Tuckman model when a group breaks out of its norms, through a process of creative problem-solving. It’s easy for everyone — including you — to get in a tunnel and focus on their own lists of tasks. Make sure everyone steps back each day or week to take a look at the larger picture.

Next up is the performing stage, which tends to be where there is the most cohesive work environment, people are happy and excited and team performance is at an all-time high. There’s a clear and stable structure in place throughout the group and everyone is fully committed to achieving the goals put in place. In the performing stage, there’s a sense of focus, purpose, and alignment from everyone on the team, no matter their role.

People are frustrated, both with each other and with leadership. Individual team members are pulling you aside to complain about the work, the project, and their co-workers. Things aren’t getting done — and every day, it seems like the team is more frustrated and less engaged. Guides & tools Downloadable guides for busy managers to drive performance. Alignment Get your people in the same mindset with OKR goals and 1-on-1 meetings. No team can move forward if it’s left unchecked, An important part of helping your team develop is to keep an eye on them from time to them.